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20th 40th shl coal fired steam boiler

Learning materials heat boiler 1, the boiler is three safety accessories: water gauge, pressure gauge, safety valve. 2, the normal operation of the boiler water level is 0 ± 40mmH2O, the maximum does not exceed 0 ± 80mmH2O, the normal water pressure of 5.5MPa, to allow the fluctuation range of 4.5-6.0MPa, normal pressure boiler feed water temperature should be 105 degrees Celsius. 3, steam flow is not larger than the normal water boiler feedwater flow reasons, the measuring device instrument to do so. 4, the steam flow rate is less than the abnormal overheating damage reasons of water flow, water wall damage, damage to the economizer, the boiler is full of water, measuring device instrument to do so. 5, points on the furnace process CCP washed three times water gauge, pressures of 0.05-0.1MPa, 1.0MPa, 2.8MPa. 6, it is determined whether the normal water table and put into operation to see if the water level fluctuates slightly exemplar. 7, the boiler water pressure test and the test is divided into P overpressure test of two, when the water pressure P test, the boosting speed of not more than 0.35MPa 0.5MPa down rate does not exceed per minute. To the boiler water blowdown 8, the pressure in the boiler shutdown boiler water temperature drops below 80 degrees Celsius. 9, the position of each ordinary pressure test is hydrophobic doors: a door opening, the second door is closed. 10, the boiler-burner with a swirling-type and DC type two. 11, elemental analysis of coal with a composition: C, H, O, N, S, moisture, ash. 12, the main component of the blast furnace gas is: CO.'S time, nitrogen gas, blast furnace gas pressure is lower than 1500Pa, the user must reduce the amount of gas. Fire stop its pressure 1000Pa, working pressure 4000-8000Pa, the upper limit for the dangerous pressure 10000Pa, the lower limit is 2000Pa. 13, the main component of the coke oven gas: CO, nitrogen gas, coke oven gas pressure is lower than 1500Pa, must reduce the amount of gas, which pressure is 500Pa fire stop, working pressure 5000-7000Pa, the upper limit is 8000 Pa pressure the risk, the lower limit is 1500Pa . 14, the high, the main features of coke oven gas is flammable, explosive, toxic. 15, proximate analysis of coal with a volatile content, fixed carbon, ash and moisture. 16, boiler water circulation loop fault has stagnated, cycling back down the tube vaporization, soft drinks stratification. 17, the pulverized coal burning furnace radiation heat from a heat source of flame, high temperature flue gas convection heat. 18, the pulverized coal ignition and quick combustion conditions are sufficiently high temperature furnace, a sufficient amount of air mixed well, pulverized coal and air. Enough burn time. 19, ignition of pulverized coal into the combustion stage, the combustion stage, burning ember stage. 20, boiler mechanical rolling bearing does not exceed a predetermined temperature 80 degrees Celsius, the slide bearing does not exceed 40 degrees Celsius. 21, with factors affecting the steam load boiler water, boiler water salinity, pressure change, the vapor space of the drum height. 22, the principle of the steam separator drum gravity separation, inertial separation, centrifugal separation, separation of the water film. 23, the first ignition of the pulverized coal volatiles, fixed carbon is the latest ignition, the combustion of carbon is the longest. 24, steam soluble salt contaminated steam quality reasons, mechanical carryover. 25, the normal operation of the boiler drum water level in the glass tube than the water level high 50MM, when the water level in the steam table overall door leak, the water level high water table, the total gate leakage when the water level is low. 26, a method for enhancing heat transfer with a heat transfer coefficient is increased, raising the average temperature difference between the heat transfer, the heat transfer area is increased. 27, into the boiler furnace wall refractory layer, three-layer insulating layer and the sealing layer. 28, light blue flame blast furnace gas, as a bright golden yellow flame co-firing light yellow flame, coal, coke oven gas when the combustion gas as a combustion time. 29, the boiler by the "pot" and "furnace" composition, "pan" refers to a soft drink system is mainly composed of the drum, the downcomer, the header, waterwall, economizer, superheater composition; "oven" refers to a combustion system, a furnace, a burner, an air preheater composition. Calorific value 3.27GJ 30,1 tons of steam.

Recently, Shaanxi Province, issued a "Boiler Air Pollutants Emission Standards" ( "Standards"), the "standard" in the concentration of air pollutants emission limits thermal power boilers and industrial boilers, we have developed a monitoring requirements.

Thermal power generation boilers including boilers of various capacities and various gas turbine capacity, fuel main types of coal, natural gas, oil, biomass, like other gas. Use gangue, oil shale, petroleum coke, fuel, sludge and other coal-fired power boilers reference emission limits fired boilers performed.

Industrial boilers including industrial boilers, various types of fuel capacity mainly coal, gas, oil, biomass, and so on. Boilers using coal, coal water slurry, coal waste, semi-coke, petroleum coke, oil shale and other fuel fired boilers performed with reference to emission limits. Using alcohol fuel (e.g., methanol, ethanol, dimethyl ether, etc.) with reference to the boiler exhaust gas boiler limits performed. Oil and gas dual-fuel boiler in accordance with the type of execution are oil-fired boiler and gas boiler emission standards. Other types of fuel mixed fuel boilers by performing more stringent emission standards.

Boiler structure have? The whole structure, including boiler and boiler auxiliary equipment of two parts. Boiler furnace, drum, burner, water wall superheater, economizer, air preheater, and the furnace wall, etc. The main frame member constituting the core part of the steam production, called boiler. Boiler body is in two main parts and drum furnace. Also known as the furnace combustion chamber, fuel combustion for space. The solid fuel on to the grate, referred to as a fire bed combustion furnace Stoker, also known as fire bed furnace; solid fuel furnace liquid, gas or pulverized, is injected into the combustion chamber is called the fire chamber burner, also known as the furnace fire chamber; air coal particles burn hold it was boiling, and the furnace is inferior fuel suitable for combustion is called fluidized bed furnace, also called fluidized bed furnace; coal particles so that an air flow rotated at high speed, and strongly called fire cylindrical cyclone furnace hearth. The furnace cross-section is generally square or rectangular. Combustion fuel to form a flame in the furnace and high temperature flue gas, so the hearth around the furnace wall is made of refractory material and insulation material. On the inner surface of the wall of the furnace waterwall tubes often laid, it will not burn both protect the furnace wall, and absorb a large amount of radiation heat of the flame and the high temperature flue gas. Furnace design needs to fully consider the characteristics of the fuel used. Each boiler should be fueled with the original design of the fuel. Boilers running economy and reliability are likely to vary greatly reduced when using the characteristics of fuel combustion. And the natural circulation drum is repeatedly forced circulation boiler receiving feedwater to the economizer, the coupling cycle and supplying saturated steam superheater cylindrical vessel. Simplified drum made from high quality steel plate, is one of the heaviest components of the boiler.

Advancing the ignition point of coal, the temperature of the furnace to improve the ash carbon content decreased. Smoke swirling mix and strengthen the separation of coke particles in the flue gas, so that it falls on the fire bed and the new layer further fuel burn. Flue gas also strong swirl in the flue gas CO, H2, CH4 and other combustible combustion gases, thereby improving the thermal efficiency of the boiler is more than 4%. But also improve the boiler output to meet the needs of the production of steam, reducing environmental pollution, expanding the scope to adapt varieties of coal. 2. The air supply and reasonable regulation. In Grate, vibration stove, oven and forth, depending on the characteristics of the combustion process, reasonable air, to promote combustion furnace is very important. As the chain furnace, with grate the fuel is kept in motion, occur sequentially ignition, combustion, burn various stages. Along the longitudinal direction of the combustion grate stages, the partition, the amount of air required in the grate longitudinal direction is different. In the preheating zone of the head and the tail of burnout grate stage, small air requirement in the middle stage of combustion grate, the air amount required.

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